Sofia Galani

Assistant Professor in Public International Law

Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences


PhD, University of Bristol, UK

Dr Sofia Galani is an Assistant Professor at the Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences and a Scientific Advisor to the Hellenic Parliament. She holds a PhD in Public International Law and an LLM from the University of Bristol and an LLB from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. Previously, she was a Senior Lecturer (2021), a Lecturer (2015-2020), and a Teaching Assistant at the University of Bristol (2012-2015). She has taught international law at the Panteion University, the University of Bristol Law School, the Greek School of National Defence, the University of Piraeus, and the Open Hellenic University and has given guest lectures and seminars at the Universities of Nottingham, Leipzig, Freiburg, and Waseda University. She has given professional training courses at the NATO Maritime Security Centre of Excellence, Istanbul, and the Atlantic Centre of the Portuguese Ministry of Defence. Sofia is one of the principal contributors to the UNODC Maritime Crime: A Manual for Criminal Justice Practitioners and a consultant to the UNODC Maritime Crime Programme. She sits at the Non-Executive Board of Advisors of the UK-based charity Human Rights at Sea and is one of the principal authors of the Geneva Declaration of Human Rights at Sea.

Areas of Expertise

  • International Law of the Sea
  • Maritime Security
  • Human Rights
  • Terrorism Studies

Selected Publications

  • ‘Maritime Security in the Polar Regions’ in Y Tanaka, R Johnstone & V Ulfbeck (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Polar Law, Routledge, 2023, pp. 141-156.
  • (co-authored with Lisa Mardikian), ‘Protecting the Arctic Indigenous Peoples’ Livelihoods in the Face of Climate Change: The Potential of Regional Human Rights Law and the Law of the Sea’ (2023) 23 (3) Human Rights Law Review1-24
  • (in Greek) «Κλιματική Αλλαγή, Μεταβαλλόμενα Σύνορα και Προκλήσεις στη Θαλάσσια Ασφάλεια του Αρκτικού Ωκεανού» σε Στ. Περράκης (επιμ.) Σύνορα και Διεθνής Δικαιοταξία (Εκ. Ι. Σιδέρη, 2023).
  • (in Greek) «Η Σύμβαση των ΗΕ για το Δίκαιο της Θάλασσας και η Θαλάσσια Ασφάλεια: Βασικές Αρχές και Σύγχρονες Προκλήσεις» (2023) Τετράδια Διεθνούς Δικαίου και Διεθνούς Πολιτικής, Τεύχος 6-7 (Εκ. Ι. Σιδέρης), σελ. 126-147.
  • ‘Tensions and Cooperation in Realizing Maritime Security in the Mediterranean Sea: The Examples of Maritime Terrorism and Irregular Migration’ (2022) Italian Yearbook of International Law 91-115 doi:
  • Hostages and Human Rights: Towards a Victim-Centred Approach, Cambridge University Press, 2021.
  • ‘Port Closures and Persons at Sea in International Law’ (2021) International and Comparative Law Quarterly 605-633 doi:10.1017/S0020589321000233.
  • (co-edited with MD Evans) (eds.) Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea: Help or Hindrance? Edward Elgar (2020).
  • ‘Assessing Maritime Security and Human Rights: The Role of the EU and its MS in the Protection of Human Rights in the Maritime Domain’ (2020) International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 325-347
  • (co-authored with M Evans), ‘The Interplay between Maritime Security and the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Help or Hindrance?’ in MD Evans and S Galani (eds) Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea: Help or Hindrance? Edward Elgar, 2020 pp. 1-24.


  • Member of the Advisory Board of the Aegean Institute of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law, Rhodes, Greece (since 2022)
  • Honorary Research Fellow of the Human Rights Implementation Centre of the University of Bristol Law School (since 2021)
  • Member of the Non-Executive Board of the UK-based charity, Human Rights at Sea
  • Fellow of the UK Higher Education Academy (since 2017)
  • Member of the Hellenic Society of International Law and International Relations (HESILIR) (since 2018)
  • Member of International Law Association, Hellenic Branch (since 2021)
  • Editor of the Case and Comment Section of the European Human Rights Law Review (2015-2023)