Founding Director of MEPIELAN Centre
Professor Emeritus of International Law & International Environmental Law
Ph.D (Cantab), University of Cambridge
Evangelos Raftopoulos is Professor Emeritus of International Law & International Environmental Law, Panteion University of Athens, Greece, and the Founding Director of MEPIELAN Centre. He is also a Fellow, Cambridge Centre for Environment, Energy, and Natural Resource Governance (C-EENRG), University of Cambridge, United Kingdom (since 2016). Recently, he has been elected as a Member of the Compliance Committee of the Barcelona Convention system (COP 21 of the Barcelona Convention, Napoli, Italy, 2-5 December 2019).
Under his Direction MEPIELAN CENTRE has become an officially accredited UNEP/MAP Partner (2013), a Member of the Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD) (2016) and a Member of the MCSD Steering Committee (2019). He currently serves as a Rapporteur of the Steering Committee of the MCSD.
He has been a Visiting Scholar at Downing College, University of Cambridge (2015-2018), and the Director of the Postgraduate Programme Studies at the Department of International, European & Area Studies, Panteion University of Athens (2000-2018). He served, for more than two decades, as a special Legal Adviser to the Mediterranean Action Plan/United Nations Environment Programme (MAP/UNEP) (1987-2010), and was appointed as International Legal Adviser to the Greek Minister of Housing, Public Works and the Environment (1983-1985) and a Lawyer at the Athens Bar Association. He served as the founding Educational Counselor at the Institute of Continual Training, National Centre of Public Administration, Athens (1985-1993). As International Negotiator, he actively participated in more than 70 international environmental conferences and meetings since 1983.
Evangelos Raftopoulos holds a Doctor of Philosophy Degree in International Law from the University of Cambridge, UK, a Master Degree in International Law from the University of Cambridge, UK, and a Law Degree (First Class) from the Faculty of Law, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece. He has been a Ford Foundation Southern European Fellow of International Law at the Yale Law School at Yale Law School, Yale University, USA (1980 – 1982).
International Negotiation: A Process of Relational Governance for International Common Interest Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2019.
International Negotiations: Theory and Technique of Constructing International Common Interest (in Greek), Nomiki Bibliothiki, Athens, 2014.
MEPIELAN E-BULLETIN, Editions 1-12, 2010-2019 (Editor and Contributor).
Conventional Environmental Governance and the Mediterranean or PLUS ULTRA (in Greek), Ant. N. Sakkoulas Publishers, Athens, 2006, Pp. xxii+376 *New Edition: Nomiki Bibliothiki, Athens, 2014.
Contributions to International Environmental Negotiation in the Mediterranean Context (E. Raftopoulos – M. McConnell, eds.), MEPIELAN Studies in International Environmental Law and Negotiation – 2, Ant. N. Sakkoulas – Bruylant Publishers, Athens, 2004 *New Edition: Nomiki Bibliothiki, Athens, 2014.
The New Regime of the Barcelona Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Environment – The Problem and the Texts of the Greek Translation (in Greek), MEPIELAN Studies in International Environmental Law and Negotiation – 1, Ant. N. Sakkoulas Publishers, Athens, 2003 *Second Edition, Nomiki Bibliothiki, Athens, 2015.
Course, Theory and Language of International Law – “Objectivity” or International Common Interest? (in Greek),Ant. N. Sakkoulas Publishers, Athens, 1997 *New Edition: Nomiki Bibliothiki, Athens, 2014.
Barcelona Convention and Protocols – The Mediterranean Action Plan Regime, Simmonds & Hill Publishing Ltd., London, 1993.
The Inadequacy of the Contractual Analogy in the Law of Treaties, Publications of the Hellenic Institute of International & Foreign Law, Vol. 14, Alkyon Publishers, Athens, 1990.
Articles & Book Chapters
- “Compliance Procedure: Barcelona Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea” (2019). In Hélène Ruiz Fabri (ed), Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law (Oxford University Press 2019) <https://opil.ouplaw.com/home/mpil >
- “Conventional Environmental Governance in the Mediterranean and its Evolving Institutional and Fiduciary Aspects in a Pragmatic Perspective” (2016). 30 OCEAN YEARBOOK, pp. 129-173.
- “Theorizing about Conventional Environmental Sea-Regimes as International Trusts: The Case of the Barcelona Convention System” (2015). In: Contemporary Developments in International Law – Essays in Honour of Budislav Vukas (ed. by Rüdiger Wolfrum, Maja Seršić, Trpimir M. Šošić), Brill-Nijhoff, Leiden, Boston, pp. 263-290.
“Sustainability Governance, Public Trust and the Conventional Protection of the Mediterranean Environment” (2013). In: Derecho Del Mar Y Sostenibilidad Ambiental En El Mediterráneo (ed. by José Juste Ruiz & Valentín Bou Franch), Tirant Lo Blanch, Valencia, 2013, Primera Parte, Aspectos Generales, pp. 35-58.
“The Mediterranean Response to Global Challenges: Environmental Governance and the Barcelona Convention System” (2011). In: The World Ocean in Globalization – Climate Change, Sustainable Fisheries, Biodiversity, Shipping, Regional Issues (ed. by Davor Vidas & Peter Johan Schei), Martinus Njhoff Publishers (Leiden – Boston), Chapter 27, pp. 507-532.
“The Polluter Pays Principle and Agriculture in Greece” (2009). In: Agriculture and the Polluter Pays Principle (ed. by Peggy Grossman), British Institute of International and Comparative Law, London, chapter 3, pp. 61-145.
- “Language and the Application of International Environmental Agreements: The Significance of the Greek Translation” (in Greek) (2006). In: The International Community in Movement – Contributions to the Memory of George Tenekides (ed.by S. Perrakis), Panteion University, Ant. N. Sakkoulas Publishers, Athens-Komotini, pp. 329-347.
“Conventional Environmental Governance and the Emerging Public Role of the Individual – The Mediterranean Perspective” (2006). Annuaire International des Droits de l’ Homme, Vol.1, 2006, Ant. N. Sakkoulas – Bruylant, 2006, pp. 299-324.
- “Multilateral Governance in the Emerging Regime of Maritime Security” (in Greek). Environment and Law, 2005/2, pp. 197-211.
“Aspects of the Course of International Environmental Law from Stockholm to Johannesburg (1972-2002)” (in Greek).The Critical Review of Legal Theory and Practice, 2003/1, pp. 81-113.
“‘Relational Governance’ For Marine Pollution Incidents in the Mediterranean: Transformations, Development and Prospects” (2001). The International Journal of Marine & Coastal Law, Vol. 16, pp. 41-75.
“The Crisis Over the Imia Rocks and the Aegean Sea Regime: International Law as a Language of Common Interest” (2000). In THE AEGEAN SEA AFTER THE COLD WAR – SECURITY AND LAW OF THE SEA ISSUES (ed. by A. Chircop, A. Gerolymatos and J. Iatrides), Macmillan Press Ltd. & St. Martin’s Press, Inc., Chap. 9, pp. 134-151.
“Sustainable Development and the Mediterranean Action Plan Regime: Legal and Institutional Aspects” (1995). In: Regional Seas Towards Sustainable Development (ed. by Belfiore – Lucia – Pesaro), International Centre for Coastal and Ocean Policy Studies (ICCOPS) and International Geographical Union (IGU), Franco Angeli Publisher, Milan, Italy, 1995, pp. 197-229.
“The Mediterranean Action Plan: Appraisal of a Model for Regional Cooperation” (1993). In: Protecting the Gulf of Aqaba – A Regional Environmental Challenge, Environmental Law Institute (ILA), Washington, D.C., Chapter 15, pp. 315-357.
“The Barcelona Convention System for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution : An International Trust at Work”(1992).The International Journal of Estuarine and Coastal Law, Vol. 7, pp. 27-41.
“The Mediterranean Action Plan: A Paradigm for Re-thinking International Law” (1990). In: Essays on the New Law of the Sea 2 – Contributions to the Study of Comparative & International Law (ed. by Budislav Vukas), Vol. 24, Zagreb, pp. 243-279.
Areas of Expertise
Theory, Methodology and Philosophy of Public International Law
Theory and Practice of Treaties
International Environmental Law and Governance
Mediterranean Environmental Law, Governance and Practice
Sustainability Governance and Public Trust
Theory and Practice of International Creative Negotiation
International Environmental Negotiations
Drafting International Law Instruments
- Member of the Compliance Committee of the Barcelona Convention system (2019-ongoing)
- Rapporteur, Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD), MAP/Barcelona Convention system (2019-ongoing)
- Fellow, C-EENRG, University of Cambridge (2016-ongoing)
- Member of the IUCN World Committee of Environmental Law (WCEL) (2018-ongoing)